The Romanians in the Anonymous Gesta Hungarorum. Truth and Fiction, Centrul de Studii Transilvane (Bibliotheca Rerum Transsilvaniae, XXXIV) Cluj-Napoca. Request PDF on ResearchGate | On Oct 1, , Martyn Rady and others published The Gesta Hungarorum of Anonymus, the Anonymous Notary of King Bela. Magyar: Béla király Névtelen Jegyzője krónikájának első lapja A GESTA HUNGARORUM egyetlen kéziratos példánya, a tiroli Ambras várának.

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Supporting evidence for the location of the residence of Gelou at Cluj could be provided by the Old Hungarian graves, contemporary with the events described in GH. One of the controversial pieces of information transmitted by GH is truthful.

Salt was vital for the Hungarians, as for any cattle-breeders. One of these topics is the credibility that can or cannot be given to the most disputed historical source on the Transylvanian early Middle Ages: PContains two very different narratives; both are for the first time presented in an updated Latin text with an annotated English translation. We can add from the same place a very important discovery, which proves that the inhabitants continued to speak Latin in the 6th century.

One could claim that the Anonymous Notary invented all or some of the events and persons from c. The following table presents the chronology of the fortresses that could be contemporary with the events described in GH: Therefore, our interpretation will discuss sometimes in considerable detail the general credibility of the source, the chronol- ogy of the events recorded in GH, and their historical and archae- ological background. If we accept the date after Bela II, then the identifica- tion with Paulus, bishop of Morisena, would be worthy of consid- eration.


In such circumstances, we do not agree that the presence of the Blaci and Cumani in c. Interesting for the present study are only stages I and II. The inventory is not specific for a warrior.

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IV took place at the same time with the restoration of precinct no. The round chapel from Alba-Iulia does not prove annoymus location of Gylas, because it could also be dated in the second half of the 9th century.

The west- ern sources that mention the Hungarian incursion in Moravia and Pannonia presented with many details the fights of Svatopluk with the Hungarians in the last decades of the 9th century.

Almost all the memorable events were concen- trated around the founding hero of Hungary. Zahide Ekmekci added it Nov 29, Liudprand of Cremona one of the outstand- ing 10th century chroniclers affirmed, without giving a precise year, that Hungarians Bulgarorum gentem atque Grecorum tributariam fece- rant.

The use of such oral sources should not be con- sidered a proof of superficiality or of ignorance. Nor was Horca the real conqueror, since his name was not preserved by the place-names in the area said to be occupied by him.

It is nevertheless true that the hingarorum dating, after Bela III, is also supported by valid arguments.

File:Gesta Hungarorum – Wikimedia Commons

The mere mention of the bows and arrows used by Vlachs is by no means evidence for the inspiration from the work of Eberhard. The reason hubgarorum choos- ing Tuhutum was the confusion made between Geula, the heir of Tuhutum, and the other Geula, the real conqueror of Transylvania, recorded by the other chronicles.


He knew a version of the late 11th-century “Hungarian Chronicle” the text of which has partially been preserved in his work and in later chronicles, but his narration of the Hungarian Conquest differs from the version provided by the other chronicles.

His Gesta Hungarorum hereafter cited as GH roused a long debate that lasted for over two centuries. II this results from the published profile.

After he arrived, he told many things about the richness of that land: The Gesta was first published as the first hungaroum of the series Scriptures rerum Hungaricarum in by Johann Georg von Schwandtner.

File:Gesta Hungarorum Anonymous.jpg

The tra- dition says nothing about their fate after the Hungarian conquest. They are the so-called Ungari recorded in the last third of the 9th century, beforein some Western annals. Some researchers59 accepted the trustworthiness of the data recor- ded in Descriptio Europae Orientalis about the homeland of the Balkan Vlachs, especially because it seemed that a Byzantine source con- firmed it.

In the aftermath, many barbarian hungadorum invaded various regions of the Balkans. Even a basilica was built at Aquincum at the beginning of the 5th century.

One of the dwellings H. Rusty Mazza marked it as to-read Sep 26,